As we all know, Andres Bonifacio created, formed and founded KKK, the revolutionary movement (wherein he served as the SUPREMO) who fought for independence from the Spaniards. But aside from that, do you know more information about him? If not, then here’s some more facts about him that might interest you.
- Andres Castro Bonifacio was born on November 30, 1863. His life ended as early as 33 years of his age. Andres Bonifacio’s birthday on November 30 is celebrated as Bonifacio Day and a national holiday here in the Philippines.
- Andres Bonifacio got his name from the Patron Saint of Manila, Saint Andrew. It is a common tradition to most Filipino people (especially the elders) to name their children after some religious figure. Andres Bonifacio’s proud parents wanted him to be a good man, so they named him after the said Patron Saint.
- As a Katipunero (member of KKK), Andres Bonicafio’s pseudonym is “May Pag-asa” (There’s hope). When he became or declared as one of the heroes of Philippines, he was then called The Great Plebian.
- Andres Bonifacio’s founding and organizing of the Katipunan or KKK is regarded as “the first anti-colonial revolution in Asia” and “the first Filipino national government”.
- Andres Bonifacio was able to experienced working several odd jobs such as messenger, salesman and, warehouseman. He also became a businessman selling fans and canes. Andres Bonifacio was also a part-time actor who performed in moro-moro plays.
- Bonifacio was a Freemason and a member of the Gran Oriente Español. He also joined La Liga Filipina (founded by Jose Rizal).
- Andres Bonifacio wanted the Philippines to be totally free from Spanish rule. This is contrary to other revolutionaries who pushed that the Philippines be a province of Spain.
- “Reason tells us that we cannot expect anything but more sufferings, more treachery, more insults, and more slavery. Reason tells us not to fritter away time for the promised prosperity that will never come. Reason teaches us to rely on ourselves and not to depend on others for our living. Reason tells us to be united that we may have the strength to combat the evils in our country.” excerpt from Andres Bonifacio’s essay: “What the Filipinos Should Know,” which was originally written by Bonifacio in Tagalog.
When Andres Bonifacio founded and created the KKK, he imposed some sort of KKK’s 10 commandments or more known as the Andres Bonifacio’s “Decalogue”. Here it is (Tagalog and English version).
“KATUNGKULANG GAGAWIN NG MGA ANAK NG BAYAN”
I – Ibigin mo ang Dios ng boong puso.
II – Pakatandaang lagi na ang tunay na pagibig sa Dios ay siya ring pagibig sa Tinubuan, at iyan din ang pagibig sa kapwa.
III – Itanim sa iyong puso na, ang tunay na kahalagahan ng puri ‘ t kaginhawahan ay ang ikaw ‘ y mamatay dahil sa ikaliligtas ng Inang-Bayan.
IV – Lahat ng iyong mabuting hangad ay magwawagi kapag ikaw ‘ y may hinahon, tiyaga, katwiran at pag-asa sa iyong inaasal at ginagawa.
V – Pagingatan mo, kapara ng pagiingat sa sariling puri, ang mga pasya at adhikain ng K.K.K.
VI – Katungkulan ng lahat na, ang nabibingit sa malaking kapahamakan sa pagtupad ng kanyang tungkulin ay iligtas sukdang ikapariwara ng sariling buhay at kayamanan.
VII – Ang kaugalian natin sa ating sarili at sa pagtupad ng ating tungkol ay siyang kukunang halimbawa ng ating kapwa.
VIII – Bahaginan mo ng iyong makakayanan ang sino mang mahirap at kapus-palad.
IX – Ang sipag sa paggawa na iyong ikabubuhay ay siyang tunay na sanhi ng pagibig, pagmamahal sa sarili, sa iyong asawa ‘ t mga anak, sa iyong kapatid at mga kababayan.
X – Parusahan ang sinomang masamang tao ‘ t taksil at purihin ang mabubuting gawa. Dapat mong paniwalaan na ang tinutungo ng K.K.K. ay mga biyaya ng Dios; na anopa ‘ t ang mga ninasa ng Inang-Bayan, ay mga nasain din ng Dios.
1. Love God with all your heart.
2. Implant it in your heart that the true love for God equates with true love for one’s Land of Birth, which is also love for others.
3. Nurture it in your heart that the true value of honor and comfort is for you to die in defense of Motherland.
4. Your every good aim will meet triumph if you exercise composure, patience, reason and hope in your deeds and acts.
5. Take good care–as you do your honor–the mandates and aspirations of the K.K.K. (Highest, noblest brotherhood/sisterhood of the land).
6. It is the responsibility of all to help anyone in grave danger of reneging on his/her duty even at the risk of losing one’s life and resources.
7. Our strength of will and our discipline in carrying out our duties will serve as examples to others.
8. Share what you can to anyone in need and less fortunate.
9. One’s industry in his/her source of livelihood is the genuine source of love, of love of self, of your spouse and children, of your siblings and compatriot.
10. Punish anyone who’s evil and traitorous and commend good works. Believe that the teachings of K.K.K. are graces from God; that what the Motherland aspires, are also the wishes of God.
Hope you gained some new knowledge upon reading this article.
Andres Bonifacio – The Great Plebian